Must Be True—PR, SN. The correct answer choice is (C)
This author presents a simple, one-sentence conditional rule:
- Evidence of act’s prospective benefit to others
+ generally succeed in providing benefit
Performs act to benefit others
We are asked to find the answer choice which illustrates this principle, so we should see a scenario that involves foreseeable benefit, intent to benefit others, and success in providing such benefit.
Answer choice (A): This answer choice provides no indication of any intent to benefit others, so although there is success in avoiding a confrontation, this choice does not illustrate the conditional rule (or principle) presented in the stimulus.
Answer choice (B): This choice has the first two components of the stimulus’ conditional rule (evidence of benefit and performance of act to benefit others), but because the plan was not a success, this answer fails to illustrate the rule from the stimulus.
Answer choice (C): This is the correct answer choice. In this scenario, Betsy has evidence of benefit (overhearing the contractor), and seeks to benefit her daughter by changing the filters. The resulting success is the avoidance of the need for maintenance.
Answer choice (D): This incorrect answer choice has two of the three components of the conditional rule presented in the stimulus. Here, Sejal has the evidence (from psychology class) and the intent to help Bob. However, since we don’t learn of any success, this choice fails to provide an illustration of the conditional rule from the stimulus.
Answer choice (E): Like other incorrect answer choices above, this choice has two out of three components needed to reflect the principle from the stimulus. In this scenario we have the intent to benefit, along with a successful outcome. Zachary’s actions, however, were based on hope rather than evidence, so this answer choice cannot be correct.