HI there, thank you for your generous help!
Oct 2000 LSAT, Sec 4 LR, Q8:
I was distracted by D, but the correct answer is actually C. Could you tell me why C is right but D is wrong?? I am so confused.
#8 - Figorian Wildlife Commission: The development of
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D actually contradicts the position of the Figorian Development Committee, since they focus on the idea that "Other nations have flagrantly developed wetlands at the expense of wildlife" in order to argue that Figoria should begin developing wetlands, too. The Development Committee argues that development should happen because "Figorian wetland development might not affect wildlife" - this is supported by C.
This is how the argument appears to me:
Figorian Wildlife commission: We must regulate wetland development by enforcing the idea of creating replacement wetland habitats anytime wetland development occurs (which I assume is the turning of these natural wetlands into something that will be used for industrial purposes).
Figorian Development Commission: We should allow for the development of wetlands since it might not affect wildlife and is important for growth and also because we have conserved up until this point.
Are they not arguing two different things? I don't see where the Figorian wildlife commission ever said development shouldn't be allowed. I thought they just said that if development happens then you need to create replacement habitats and that is all.
I feel their argument would make more sense if it was over whether or not regulation should happen (which answer choice c of problem 8 speaks about), but I don't see any side arguing that development in general shouldn't happen. So in this regard the stimulus is a bit confusing to me. Anyone care to clear it up=)?
Yes, maybe the argument would make more sense if it were phrased the way you say, but maybe LSAC is trying to make the argument deliberately obscure, to confuse you! They do this sometimes!
The two commissions are on somewhat different tracks in their arguments, but there is some point of connection...or maybe point of obscurity (what are the two commissions agreeing to disagree about? etc.), which answer C deals with and clears up some. Answer C seems to establish that it hasn't been proven that development in Figoria has definitely endangered species, a point which lets the development commission say, "Well, you can't prove it, so let's take a chance on it."
Hope this helps,
I guess I can understand why C is right but don't the wildlife commission people already say that the development of wetlands in industrialized nations for residential and commercial uses HAS endangered species -- so isnt that going against C when it says "only when a reduction of populations of endangered species has been found...etc"
If its proven that the species is endangered, how is C strong enough to combat that?
@akanshalsat, to answer your specific question:
Your mistake is assuming that what the Wildlife Comm.'s fact presented says ("The development of wetlands in industrialized nations for residential and commercial uses has endangered many species.") equals the fact that these species' populations have actually been reduced. That's a leap! Those aren't the same thing. Just because the species are endangered doesn't mean that their population has gone down because of the development. (C) says that we need to actually prove that their population has gone down before we take measures.
MY GENERAL STRATEGY:
To start, when I was prephrasing (once I knew it was a strengthen question that asked us to strengthen the Development Comm.'s stance (which could also be seen as a weaken question that asks us to weaken the Wildlife Comm.'s stance), I made myself highlight each argument of the Wildlife Comm., line by line:
So, something that suggests that development isn't actually causing a problem for the species would weaken.-->THIS pretty much matches the correct answer choice (C).
so, something that suggests that constructing replacements isn't going to be the same as the original and won't bring back the species population.
So maybe something that suggests that these re-constructed habitats would actually pose some kind of new threat would weaken.
You could also do the same type of prephrasing for each argument of the Development Comm., but look to strengthen instead of weaken:
So, something that suggests that we should not be any more conscious about development than other nations would help.
So, something that says that either development does not usually affect wildlife, OR alternatively, that development is indeed necessary for growth, would help.
So, something that says we indeed do have as much right to govern our resources would help.
This is all what I'm keeping in mind as a prephrase, and stuff that I will be on the lookout for in each answer choice.
(C) Only when a reduction of populations of endangered species by commercial development has been found should regulation be implemented to prevent further damage.
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